基于Zabbix IPMI监控服务器硬件状况

公司有多个分部,且机房没有专业值班,机房等级不够。在这种情况下,又想实时监控机房环境,于是使用IPMI方式来达到目的。由于之前已经部署了Zabbix监控系统,本次将结合Zabbix自带的IPMI,完成服务器温度及风扇转速等的监控。

1.环境说明

被监控端服务器型号:Dell PowerEdge R510

规划分配的IPMI地址: 10.103.1.100

2.Zabbix监控平台说明

Zabbix版本: 3.2.1,在安装时,未使用 --with-openipmi

Zabbix网络接口可以连通10.103.1.100

3.前置学习

维基百科IPMI: http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPMI

IBM DeveloperWorks -- 使用ipmitool实现Linux系统下对服务器的ipmi管理: http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/cn/linux/l-ipmi/

Dell -- Managing Dell PowerEdge Servers Using IPMItool: http://www.dell.com/downloads/global/power/ps4q04-20040204-Murphy.pdf

Zabbix IPMI checks: https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/3.2/manual/config/items/itemtypes/ipmi

使用IPMITOOL实现终端重定向(课外读物): http://docs.linuxtone.org/ebooks/Dell/ipmitool.pdf

4.配置IPMI

4.1.配置IPMI地址

可以参考前置推荐中的《Managing Dell PowerEdge Servers Using IPMItool》在服务器启动时进行IPMI地址的配置,并开启IPMI Over LAN。

也可以使用Dell的iDRAC开启IPMI功能,具体可以查看文章最后的参考资料。

4.2.获取传感器信息

登录Zabbix服务器,通过ipmitool远程访问Dell服务器传感器信息

# ipmitool -I lan -H 10.103.1.100 -U root -P calvin -L user sensor list
# ipmitool -I lan -H 10.103.1.100 -U root -P calvin -L user sensor get "FAN MOD 1B RPM"

4.3.安装IPMItool软件包

# yum -y install OpenIPMI OpenIPMI-devel ipmitool freeipmi

4.4.配置Zabbix

注:为了支持IPMI,需要在zabbix server/proxy安装时增加 --with-openipmi 参数

服务器端配置zabbix IPMI pollers

zabbix_server.conf/zabbix_proxy.conf

# sed -i /# StartIPMIPollers=0/aStartIPMIPollers=5 zabbix_server.conf
# service zabbix-server restart

4.5.导入监控模板

下面提供DELL的2个型号的IPMI模板:

template-ipmi-dell-poweredge-r510
template-ipmi-dell-poweredge-2950

添加监控主机,关联上本模板,并在 IPMI 页面,设置 Authentication algorithmDefault , Privilege levelUser , Usernamesensor , Passwordsensor_pass ,保存即可。

使用此种方法获取数据的结果就是效率很差,基本没什么数据。

5.使用Zabbix External checks自定义IPMI

本来是选择nagios的IPMI插件: check_ipmi_sensor ,文件是:check_ipmi_sensor_v3-v3.9.tar.gz

具体使用方法详见: http://www.thomas-krenn.com/en/wiki/IPMI_Sensor_Monitoring_Plugin

5.1.安装perl-IPC-Run模块

yum -y install perl-IPC-Run perl-Getopt-Long

5.2.使用check_ipmi_sensor查看效果

但是发现报错。

# ./check_ipmi_sensor -f ipmi.cfg -H 10.103.1.100 -vvv
------------- debug output for sel (-vvv is set): ------------
/usr/sbin/ipmi-sel was executed with the following parameters:
/usr/sbin/ipmi-sel -h 10.103.1.100 --config-file ipmi.cfg --driver-type=LAN_2_0 --output-event-state --interpret-oem-data --entity-sensor-names
output of FreeIPMI:
ID  | Date        | Time     | Name                                        | Type                     | State    | Event
1   | Apr-08-2011 | 06:42:13 | System Board SEL                            | Event Logging Disabled   | Nominal  | Log Area Reset/Cleared
2   | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:31 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
3   | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:36 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
4   | Aug-15-2011 | 23:09:53 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
5   | Aug-16-2011 | 11:38:25 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
6   | Aug-16-2011 | 11:38:25 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
7   | Aug-16-2011 | 11:38:55 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
8   | Jun-10-2012 | 22:41:13 | System Board Ambient Temp                   | Temperature              | Warning  | Upper Non-critical - going high ; Sensor Reading = 45.00 C ; Threshold = 45.00 C
9   | Jun-11-2012 | 02:53:53 | System Board Ambient Temp                   | Temperature              | Nominal  | Upper Non-critical - going high ; Sensor Reading = 43.00 C ; Threshold = 45.00 C
10  | Nov-05-2012 | 21:56:42 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
11  | Nov-14-2012 | 21:53:58 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
12  | Nov-14-2012 | 21:53:58 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
13  | Nov-14-2012 | 21:54:19 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
14  | Nov-15-2012 | 16:12:03 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
15  | Nov-17-2012 | 17:14:34 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
16  | Nov-17-2012 | 17:14:34 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
17  | Nov-17-2012 | 17:15:40 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
18  | Nov-19-2012 | 20:47:57 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
19  | Nov-19-2012 | 20:50:04 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
20  | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:33 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
21  | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:38 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
22  | Jun-27-2014 | 17:27:38 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
23  | Jun-27-2014 | 17:27:53 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
24  | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:31 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
25  | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:36 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
26  | Oct-31-2016 | 05:48:35 | System Board Ambient Temp                   | Temperature              | Warning  | Lower Non-critical - going low ; Sensor Reading = 8.00 C ; Threshold = 8.00 C
27  | Oct-31-2016 | 09:00:38 | System Board Ambient Temp                   | Temperature              | Nominal  | Lower Non-critical - going low ; Sensor Reading = 10.00 C ; Threshold = 8.00 C
------------- debug output for sensors (-vvv is set): ------------
script was executed with the following parameters:
./check_ipmi_sensor -f ipmi.cfg -H 10.103.1.100 -vvv
check_ipmi_sensor version:
3.9
FreeIPMI version:
ipmi-sensors - 1.2.9
FreeIPMI was executed with the following parameters:
/usr/sbin/ipmi-sensors -h 10.103.1.100 --config-file ipmi.cfg --quiet-cache --sdr-cache-recreate --interpret-oem-data --output-sensor-state --ignore-not-available-sensors --driver-type=LAN_2_0 --output-sensor-thresholds
FreeIPMI return code: 0
output of FreeIPMI:
Record ID | Sensor Name | Sensor Group | Monitoring Status | Sensor Units | Sensor Reading
5 | Ambient Temp | Temperature | Nominal | C | 28.000000
7 | CMOS Battery | Battery | Nominal | N/A | OK
8 | VCORE PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
9 | VCORE PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
10 | 0.75 VTT PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
11 | 0.75 VTT PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
12 | CPU VTT PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
13 | 1.5V PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
14 | 1.8V PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
15 | 5V PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
16 | MEM CPU2 FAIL | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
17 | 5V Riser PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
18 | MEM CPU1 FAIL | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
19 | VTT CPU2 FAIL | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
20 | VTT CPU1 FAIL | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
21 | 0.9V PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
22 | CPU2 1.8 PLL PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
23 | CPU1 1.8 PLL PG | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
24 | 1.1 FAIL | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
25 | 1.0 LOM FAIL | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
26 | 1.0 AUX FAIL | Voltage | Nominal | N/A | State Deasserted
27 | Heatsink Pres | Entity Presence | Nominal | N/A | Entity Present
28 | iDRAC6 Ent Pres | Entity Presence | Critical | N/A | Entity Absent
29 | USB Cable Pres | Entity Presence | Nominal | N/A | Entity Present
31 | Riser Presence | Entity Presence | Nominal | N/A | Entity Present
32 | FAN MOD 1A RPM | Fan | Nominal | RPM | 3480.000000
34 | FAN MOD 2A RPM | Fan | Nominal | RPM | 3480.000000
36 | FAN MOD 3A RPM | Fan | Nominal | RPM | 3480.000000
39 | FAN MOD 4A RPM | Fan | Nominal | RPM | 3480.000000
40 | Presence | Entity Presence | Nominal | N/A | Entity Present
41 | Presence | Entity Presence | Nominal | N/A | Entity Present
42 | Presence | Entity Presence | Nominal | N/A | Entity Present
43 | Presence | Entity Presence | Nominal | N/A | Entity Present
44 | Presence  | Entity Presence | Nominal | N/A | Entity Present
45 | Status | Processor | Nominal | N/A | Processor Presence detected
46 | Status | Processor | Nominal | N/A | Processor Presence detected
47 | Status | Power Supply | Nominal | N/A | Presence detected
48 | Current | Current | Nominal | A | 0.400000
49 | Current | Current | Nominal | A | 0.400000
50 | Voltage | Voltage | Nominal | V | 218.000000
51 | Voltage | Voltage | Nominal | V | 218.000000
52 | Status | Power Supply | Nominal | N/A | Presence detected
53 | Status | Cable/Interconnect | Nominal | N/A | Cable/Interconnect is connected
54 | OS Watchdog | Watchdog 2 | Nominal | N/A | OK
56 | Intrusion | Physical Security | Nominal | N/A | OK
57 | PS Redundancy | Power Supply | Nominal | N/A | Fully Redundant
58 | Fan Redundancy | Fan | Nominal | N/A | Fully Redundant
60 | System Level | Current | Nominal | W | 168.000000
61 | Power Optimized | OEM Reserved | Nominal | N/A | Good
62 | Drive | Drive Slot | Nominal | N/A | Drive Presence
65 | Cable SAS A | Cable/Interconnect | Nominal | N/A | Cable/Interconnect is connected
66 | Cable SAS B | Cable/Interconnect | Nominal | N/A | Cable/Interconnect is connected
67 | DKM Status | OEM Reserved | N/A | N/A | OEM Event = 0000h
119 | FAN MOD 5A RPM | Fan | Nominal | RPM | 3480.000000

--------------------- end of debug output ---------------------
IPMI Status: Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 737.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 738.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 749.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in concatenation (.) or string at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 750.
Use of uninitialized value in string ne at ./check_ipmi_sensor line 759.
Critical [iDRAC6 Ent Pres = Critical (Entity Absent), System Board Intrusion = Critical (Physical Security), System Board Intrusion = Critical (Physical Security), Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2 = Critical (Drive Slot), Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2 = Critical (Drive Slot), System Board Ambient Temp = Warning (Temperature), Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2 = Critical (Drive Slot), Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2 = Critical (Drive Slot), Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2 = Critical (Drive Slot), Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2 = Critical (Drive Slot), System Board Intrusion = Critical (Physical Security), System Board Intrusion = Critical (Physical Security), System Board Intrusion = Critical (Physical Security), System Board Intrusion = Critical (Physical Security), System Board Ambient Temp = Warning (Temperature)] | Ambient Temp=28.000000;:;: FAN MOD 1A RPM=3480.000000;:;: FAN MOD 2A RPM=3480.000000;:;: FAN MOD 3A RPM=3480.000000;:;: FAN MOD 4A RPM=3480.000000;:;: Current=0.400000;:;: Current=0.400000;:;: Voltage=218.000000;:;: Voltage=218.000000;:;: System Level=168.000000;:;: FAN MOD 5A RPM=3480.000000;:;:
Ambient Temp = 28.000000 (Status: Nominal)
CMOS Battery = OK (Status: Nominal)
VCORE PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
VCORE PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
0.75 VTT PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
0.75 VTT PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
CPU VTT PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
1.5V PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
1.8V PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
5V PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
MEM CPU2 FAIL = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
5V Riser PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
MEM CPU1 FAIL = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
VTT CPU2 FAIL = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
VTT CPU1 FAIL = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
0.9V PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
CPU2 1.8 PLL PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
CPU1 1.8 PLL PG = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
1.1 FAIL = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
1.0 LOM FAIL = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
1.0 AUX FAIL = State Deasserted (Status: Nominal)
Heatsink Pres = Entity Present (Status: Nominal)
iDRAC6 Ent Pres = Entity Absent (Status: Critical)
USB Cable Pres = Entity Present (Status: Nominal)
Riser Presence = Entity Present (Status: Nominal)
FAN MOD 1A RPM = 3480.000000 (Status: Nominal)
FAN MOD 2A RPM = 3480.000000 (Status: Nominal)
FAN MOD 3A RPM = 3480.000000 (Status: Nominal)
FAN MOD 4A RPM = 3480.000000 (Status: Nominal)
Presence = Entity Present (Status: Nominal)
Presence = Entity Present (Status: Nominal)
Presence = Entity Present (Status: Nominal)
Presence = Entity Present (Status: Nominal)
Presence = Entity Present (Status: Nominal)
Status = Processor Presence detected (Status: Nominal)
Status = Processor Presence detected (Status: Nominal)
Status = Presence detected (Status: Nominal)
Current = 0.400000 (Status: Nominal)
Current = 0.400000 (Status: Nominal)
Voltage = 218.000000 (Status: Nominal)
Voltage = 218.000000 (Status: Nominal)
Status = Presence detected (Status: Nominal)
Status = Cable/Interconnect is connected (Status: Nominal)
OS Watchdog = OK (Status: Nominal)
Intrusion = OK (Status: Nominal)
PS Redundancy = Fully Redundant (Status: Nominal)
Fan Redundancy = Fully Redundant (Status: Nominal)
System Level = 168.000000 (Status: Nominal)
Power Optimized = Good (Status: Nominal)
Drive = Drive Presence (Status: Nominal)
Cable SAS A = Cable/Interconnect is connected (Status: Nominal)
Cable SAS B = Cable/Interconnect is connected (Status: Nominal)
FAN MOD 5A RPM = 3480.000000 (Status: Nominal)不过根据它的提示(其实插件也是调用如下命令),可以使用

/usr/sbin/ipmi-sel -h 10.103.1.100 --config-file ipmi.cfg --driver-type=LAN_2_0 --output-event-state --interpret-oem-data --entity-sensor-names执行结果是:

# /usr/sbin/ipmi-sel -h 10.103.1.100 --config-file ipmi.cfg --driver-type=LAN_2_0 --output-event-state --interpret-oem-data --entity-sensor-names
ID  | Date        | Time     | Name                                        | Type                     | State    | Event
1   | Apr-08-2011 | 06:42:13 | System Board SEL                            | Event Logging Disabled   | Nominal  | Log Area Reset/Cleared
2   | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:31 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
3   | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:36 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
4   | Aug-15-2011 | 23:09:53 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
5   | Aug-16-2011 | 11:38:25 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
6   | Aug-16-2011 | 11:38:25 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
7   | Aug-16-2011 | 11:38:55 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
8   | Jun-10-2012 | 22:41:13 | System Board Ambient Temp                   | Temperature              | Warning  | Upper Non-critical - going high ; Sensor Reading = 45.00 C ; Threshold = 45.00 C
9   | Jun-11-2012 | 02:53:53 | System Board Ambient Temp                   | Temperature              | Nominal  | Upper Non-critical - going high ; Sensor Reading = 43.00 C ; Threshold = 45.00 C
10  | Nov-05-2012 | 21:56:42 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
11  | Nov-14-2012 | 21:53:58 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
12  | Nov-14-2012 | 21:53:58 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
13  | Nov-14-2012 | 21:54:19 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
14  | Nov-15-2012 | 16:12:03 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
15  | Nov-17-2012 | 17:14:34 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
16  | Nov-17-2012 | 17:14:34 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Critical | Drive Fault ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
17  | Nov-17-2012 | 17:15:40 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
18  | Nov-19-2012 | 20:47:57 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
19  | Nov-19-2012 | 20:50:04 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
20  | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:33 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
21  | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:38 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
22  | Jun-27-2014 | 17:27:38 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
23  | Jun-27-2014 | 17:27:53 | Disk Drive Bay 1 Drive 2                    | Drive Slot               | Nominal  | Drive Presence ; OEM Event Data2 code = 01h ; OEM Event Data3 code = 02h
24  | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:31 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
25  | Jan-01-1970 | 08:00:36 | System Board Intrusion                      | Physical Security        | Critical | General Chassis Intrusion ; Intrusion while system Off
26  | Oct-31-2016 | 05:48:35 | System Board Ambient Temp                   | Temperature              | Warning  | Lower Non-critical - going low ; Sensor Reading = 8.00 C ; Threshold = 8.00 C
27  | Oct-31-2016 | 09:00:38 | System Board Ambient Temp                   | Temperature              | Nominal  | Lower Non-critical - going low ; Sensor Reading = 10.00 C ; Threshold = 8.00 C

5.3编写Zabbix外部检查(External checks)脚本

# pwd
/usr/local/zabbix/share/zabbix/externalscripts
# cat check_ipmi

下面是脚本内容

#!/bin/bash
#用于检测ipmi相关信息
#Create on 2016-011-18
[email protected]: Chinge_Yang

args="$*"
echo $(date +%F-%T) $args >> /tmp/check_ipmi.debug

check_ipmi_dir=/usr/local/zabbix/shell/check_ipmi_sensor
check_ipmi_bin=$check_ipmi_dir/check_ipmi_sensor

ipmi_sensors=/usr/sbin/ipmi-sensors
ipmi_cfg=$check_ipmi_dir/ipmi.cfg

#$check_ipmi_bin -f $ipmi_cfg -v $args
#${ipmi_sel} $args --config-file $ipmi_cfg --driver-type=LAN_2_0 --output-event-state --interpret-oem-data --entity-sensor-names
options="--quiet-cache --sdr-cache-recreate --interpret-oem-data --output-sensor-state --ignore-not-available-sensors --driver-type=LAN_2_0 --output-sensor-thresholds"

function usage(){
echo "Usage: `basename $0` options (-h HOST|-n NAME)"
}

function check(){
result=$($ipmi_sensors -h $host --config-file $ipmi_cfg $options|grep "$name"|awk -F"| " {print $NF})

printf "%.4fn" $result
}

if [ $# -lt 4 ]
then
usage
exit 55
fi

# 用法: scriptname -options
# 注意: 必须使用破折号 (-)
# 参数后接冒号,表示必须接值
while getopts ":h:n:" Option;do
case $Option in
h)
host=$OPTARG
;;
n)
name=$OPTARG
;;
*)
usage
;;   # 默认情况的处理
esac
done

shift $(($OPTIND - 1))
#  (译者注: shift命令是可以带参数的, 参数就是移动的个数)
#  将参数指针减1, 这样它将指向下一个参数.
#  $1 现在引用的是命令行上的第一个非选项参数,
#+ 如果有一个这样的参数存在的话.

check

exit 0

添加执行权限

chmod a+x check_ipmi

5.4新建自定义模板

这里就不详细介绍内容了,其实就是改改上文中的模板而来,一张图看完内容:

给2张图看看效果:

好吧,最后发现,就算是自定义脚本,仍然是获取数据艰难,脚本执行ipmi的命令都timeout。。。。

参考资料: http://pengyao.org/zabbix-monitor-ipmi-1.html http://zh.community.dell.com/techcenter/w/techcenter_wiki/189.idrac-7 http://www.weibo.com/p/1001603921723593500304 http://www.thomas-krenn.com/en/wiki/IPMI_Sensor_Monitoring_Plugin

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